Trujillo is a small city. In the main town you can observe Trujillo´s architecture. From the principal square you can see the most beautiful main fronts of old colonial and republican houses and cathedral church; take a short walk across Pizarro street to the traditional Emancipation´s house. In this old house the independence of Peru was proclaimed in the nineteenth century.
Mochica’s heritage is still alive. Garcia’s house opens his door where you can visit the pottery and crafts workshop “The Face Inconceivable”. Mochica culture created an environment of their own, in realistic and expressive ceramic. They gave an aesthetic and thematic quality to their ceramics and it has become the best testimony of their daily and spiritual life. In the workshop, you can witness craft production, techniques and materials that were rescued by Moche´s countryside habitants. Also here you can listen to the folkloric group “Los Caimanes” (The Alligators) who presents a sample of some music using Moche’s traditional instruments such as pututo and ceramic trumpet.
Close you can find the Temples of the Sun and the Moon and the Moche Temples´s Museum. The Moon temple has a number of temples built on top of each other for many years, also it has 12 thousand square meters of polychrome murals. Its rich iconography and aesthetics are of outstanding universal value which reflects a pattern that was built in about seven centuries. In the upper part of adobe bricks walls, you can see the remains of many walls, decorated with figures of multicolored religious symbols; the most important is Ai-apaec or “God of the Mountains”. Also it represents an exceptional testimony of the Moche cultural tradition as it materializes political power through religious ideas.
Chimu’s culture still stand
The best known Chan Chan archaeological complex has been recognized as World Heritage by UNESCO. It was the capital of the Chimu Empire that flourished in the region after the fall of the Moche empire and covers an area ofapproximately 20 square kilometers. The central area is formed by a set of 10 walled enclosures (called “citadels”) and pyramids. The Citadel Nik-An is the largest illustration of the importance of water, particularly the sea, that Chimu culture worshipped. The high reliefs on the walls represents fishes, directed north and south that can be interpreted as the two streams that make the Peruvian coast, the Humboldt (a cold current) coming from the south and the Child (a hot current), coming from the north as well as waves, rhombus (fishing nets), pelicans and anzumitos (mixture of sea lion and otter).
Huanchaco and the reed horses
This village is well known for their artisanal fishermen who still fish in boats, as used hundreds of years ago by the Moches, called Caballitos de totora.
Caballitos de totora are reed watercraft used by fishermen in Peru for the past 3000 years, archaeologically evidenced from pottery shards. Named for the way they are ridden, straddled (‘little reed horses’ in English), fishermen use them to transport their nets and collect fish in their inner cavity. The name is not the original name, as horses were not introduced to South American until after the Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire. They are made from the same reed, Schoenoplectus californicus (“tule”), used by the Uru people on Lake Titicaca. Fishermen in the port town of Huanchaco famously, but in many other locations practically, still use these vessels to this day, riding the waves back into shore, and suggesting some of the first forms of wave riding.
Señora de Cao
In Magdalena de Cao village where is El Brujo´s Archaeological Complex and the Museum of Cao in Magdalena de Cao city. This is one of the most valuable archaeological sites on the north coast of Peru. It has a long cultural sequence of occupation that began in the pre-ceramic period (3000 b.C.). However, Moche culture (0-700 a.C.) has left many evidences in this area.
Two are the discoveries which have given greater meaning to this complex. On the one side, a large adobe pyramid 30 meters high, where Mochica culture stressed in high relief, captivating new images as “The Decapitator”. On the other side, the discovery of the Dame or Lady of Cao (2006) is also known as the Lady of the tattoos, and her tomb was founded pottery and ornaments of gold, silver and copper, and others; It had never before found a woman´s mummy of ancient Peru with its own outfit of the warrior aristocracy.
Site Museum Cao takes us through daily and symbolic universe of the inhabitants of this part of Peru, which approximates the customs and beliefs of the past with present day and ends with the enigmatic discovery of recent times: the Lady Cao.